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'AUSwine' rose References
Website/Catalog  (2018)  Includes photo(s).
 
(AuswineChianti
Just as 'Constance Spry' was our first pink rose, 'Chianti' was our first red.  Although both of these roses only flower once in a season, when they do flower, they produce a massive display of beautiful blooms worthy of comparison with the very best of the Old Roses.  The blooms are large and cupped at first, opening to form Gallica-like rosettes of deep crimson, which turn with age to a beautiful purplish-maroon.  There is a strong Old Rose fragrance. [...]
The name ‘Chianti’ reflects this rose’s rich wine colouring.
Book  (2003)  Page(s) 91.  Includes photo(s).
 
Origin:  Austin, Britain, 1965.   Parentage:  ‘Dusky Maiden’ x ‘Tuscany’.    Flower size: 8cm (3.1in)   Scent:  Strong and sweet.  Flowering:  once only.  Height/spread:  1.5m (4.9ft) / 1.5m (4.9ft).  Hardiness: Zone 5.  
‘Chianti’  was a landmark rose:   its wonderful rich purple colouring flaunted the inherent potential of breeding from old roses like ‘Tuscany’.    Its flowers are purplish-crimson (later maroon – though the colour does differ a little from year to year) and open out lightly cupped before reflexing into great ruffled pompons.    They come in long-stemmed clusters of 3-5 and are excellent cut flowers.    Pretty vermilion hips follows, and often last right through the winter.    ‘Chianti’ makes an arching shrub, best when its long, prickly stems are bent over so that it breaks into flower all along its length.    The leaves are pale green, and liable to get blackspot later in the year, after it has flowered.    It roots easily from cuttings, but does not sucker when grown on its own roots.     Chianti is the wine of Tuscany. 
Book  (2000)  Page(s) 187.  Includes photo(s).
 
Chianti.    A tall, broad, well formed shrub of 6 ft. in height and the same across,  this rose is the result of a cross between the beautiful old crimson Gallica ‘Tuscany’, and the early Floribunda ‘Dusky Maiden’.  The flowers are large and of fully double rosette shape, their colour a dark crimson, becoming purplish-maroon as the flower ages, and there is a deep, rich Old Rose fragrance.    It forms a robust, shapely shrub and flowers freely, and although it has to some extent been overshadowed by the better known ‘Constance Spry’, many people think it is rather better as a garden shrub.     It was the basis from which most of the red English Roses were developed.     Bred by Austin (U.K.), introduced jointly by Sunningdale Nurseries and David Austin Roses, 1967.   

p143.  Caption:  Chianti,  English Rose.  The crimson counterpart of ‘Constance Spry’ with smaller flowers but better growth. 
Book  (2000)  Page(s) 160.  Includes photo(s).
 
‘Chianti’: Arbuste… en petits bouquets ronds… larges rosettes semi-doubles, bordeaux tirant sur le grenat pourpré, mais ne fleurit qu’en début d’été. Grand buisson sain et vigoureux, au feuillage sombre et brillant, il se plaît en compagnie d’arbustes, et ne demande que de l’espace pour prendre ses aises. Austin, UK, 1967.
Website/Catalog  (Oct 1999)  Page(s) 22.  Includes photo(s).
 
Chianti.  (Auswine)    This excellent Shrub Rose has much in common with ‘Constance Spry’;   in fact some people prefer it for its tidier habit of growth.   The flowers are large and cupped at first, opening to form a Gallica-like rosette of deep crimson, which turns with age to a beautiful purplish-maroon.    These are freely produced on a shapely shrub.   It has a strong Old rose fragrance, typical of a dark Gallica rose.    Deserves to be more widely grown.  5 ft x 5 ft.  (David Austin 1967).   
Book  (1999)  Page(s) 131.  
 
Sam Gough, Victoria.  Parentage And All That.
In the case of the rose 'Chianti', the breeder in his book gives 'Tuscany' x 'Dusky Maiden' as the parents whilst in an article in the New Zealand 1971 Annual he gives 'Cardinal Richelieu' x 'Dainty Maid'. In Philips and Riggs book Roses and in Peter Beales Classic Roses the parentage is given as 'Macrantha' x 'Vanity', and having raised a number of selfed seedlings from 'Chianti', what I saw indicated that 'Macrantha' was one of the parents (this is the parentage given in Modern Roses -Ed.) but the other one I did not have sufficient seedlings to give much of a hint. 'Vanity' is very doubtful.
Book  (1997)  Page(s) 90-91.  Includes photo(s).
 
Chianti Description and cultivation... one of the most Old Rose-looking of the English Roses... cupped and colored a deep crimson that ages purple maroon... From 'Chianti' were produced both 'The Knight' and 'The Squire,' the two cultivars from which all the red Austin roses descend, even the modern-appearing 'L.D. Braithwaite.'.. one of Austin's best... hardy... This cultivar is named for the dry red wine produced in the Monte Chianti region of Tuscany...
Book  (1997)  Page(s) 181.  
 
Chianti Austin (UK) 1967. R. macrantha x 'Vanity' Description and cultivation... flowers: rich purple-maroon...
Book  (Jul 1996)  Includes photo(s).
 
p25.  Caption for three photos:    The floribunda ‘Dusky Maiden’ (introduced 1947;  centre)  and the Gallica ‘Tuscany' (top) gave us ‘Chianti’ (above),  the founding red English Rose.    The flowers of this fine shrub fade to a rich purple as they age, as illustrated here.    It is vigorous but once-flowering.

p26. ….Meanwhile I was trying to breed good red varieties.    My first real success was with ‘Dusky Maiden’, another Le Grice Floribunda, and similar to ‘Dainty Maid’ in every respect except for its deep crimson colouring.
By crossing ‘Dusky Maiden’ with the deep crimson-purple Gallica Rose ‘Tuscany’,  I obtained the beautiful ‘Chianti’.     Introduced in 1967, this rose was the red counterpart of ‘Constance Spry’.    It has large crimson purple flowers of Old Rose appearance and a wonderful fragrance.    ‘Chianti’  forms a large shapely shrub, but, like ‘Constance Spry’, flowers only once in summer.  

p62-63  ….Roses such as these could be effectively ringed, as one might with a group of trees in a park, with a low fence at the height of about 1m (3ft).    As they grow and send out long branches, these could be attached to the fence and used as a basis for further branching until the whole builds up to a well-supported mound     This method has been successfully implemented at Castle Howard, Yorkshire, with …. and ‘Chianti’. 

p83.  Photo.   Chianti.     One of the main foundation parents of the red varieties of English Roses,  Chianti forms a fine, broad and vigorous shrub, bearing large Gallica-like flowers of a rich crimson that soon turns to a purplish-maroon.    A cross between repeat- and spring-flowering parents,  it is itself only spring-flowering,  but then produces a massive display of fine blooms worthy of comparison with the very best of the Old Roses.    It has a powerful Old Rose fragrance.
 
Book  (1996)  Page(s) 23.  
 
Chianti.  LF shrub;  bears clusters of rounded purplush maroon semi-double rosettes,  3in (8cm) across, in summer, on shrubby 5x5ft (1.5 x 1.5m) plants, with dark leaves;  pleasing scent,  Dusky Maiden x Tuscany.  Austin, England 1967.  Modern shrub.  Non-remontant.
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