'Duke of York' rose References
Magazine (2019) Page(s) 51. Vol 41, No. 1.
Margaret Furness. Tea, Noisette and China Mislabels in Australia.
p49. The rose labelled Mme Charles, from Sangerhausen, is incorrect. Possibly the true Papillon.”
p51. ibid. Poly-Teas and Chinas.
“Not Duke of York” is “Not Mme Charles” which may be Papillon. Clear?
Book (2008) Page(s) 58. Includes photo(s).
The rose known in Australia as the Tea ‘Mme. Charles’ is a large bush with long canes and masses of small-to-medium semi-double flowers in shades of pink, apricot, fawn and white. It does not match the apricot Tea bred by Damaizin in 1864, which was described by Foster-Melliar in 1902 as “an improved strain of Safrano”. This imposter is in commerce in Australia and elsewhere as the China ‘Duke of York’, bred by W. Paul in 1894, and overseas it is also sold as ‘Papillon’.
[This rose was sent out from Sangerhausen in the early 1980s to Rumsey Roses, NSW and possibly to world-wide nurseries, under the name Mme Charles]
Book (Dec 1998) Page(s) 212.
Duke of York China. Paul (UK) 1894. Description... double, large, rosy pink and white blooms... it performs best in a warm spot...
Book (Apr 1993) Page(s) 147.
Duke of York. Centifolia, pink blend, 1894, Paul, W. Description.
Book (Jun 1992) Page(s) 29.
Duke of York China. W. Paul, 1894. [Descriptions by many sources, which see.]
Article (website) (1982) Page(s) 15.
Duke of York (China) Variable mixture of rosy pink and white. Free flowering. Bushy, branching habit. 1894 (C) 3 x 2.
Book (1936) Page(s) 765.
of York, Duke (china) W. Paul 1904; varies: deep pink to white; mostly white edges and stained pink, large, double, continuous bloom, growth 6/10.
Website/Catalog (1907) Page(s) 20.
Monthly roses. Duke of York (Wm. Paul & Son 1895) varies between pink and white, moderate growth
Book (1899) Page(s) 56.
Duke of Yorck, Bengale, W. Paul, 1894, rose changeant
Website/Catalog (1897) Page(s) 67.
Duke of York (Hybrid China). Flowers variable, between rosy pink and white; sometimes pale with deep red centres; sometimes white edged and tipped with deep carmine, but always beautiful and quite distinct; excellent for cutting.