'R. moschata' rose References
Article (misc) (2007) Page(s) 14.
The Irshad al-zirā‘a ("Guidance on Agriculture"), an exhaustive treatise compiled in eastern Iran in 1521, lists besides the many varities of red rose (gul-i-surkh), roses named "the five-petalled" (panj barg), "the two-colored" or "two-faced" (dau rang, dau rū), "the musk rose" (mushkĩn), "the dappled rose" (abrash), and "the Baghdad rose" (baghdādĩ), among others.
Article (magazine) (2001) Page(s) 393.
R. moschata Herrm. Ploidy 2x
Pollen fertility 80.5%
Selfed Fruit set 0%
Book (2001) Page(s) 449.
Rosa moschata Herrm., De Rosa (1762) 15.
Rosa ruscinonensis Grenier & Déséglise in Billotia 1 (1864) 33.
Musk rose; German Moschusrose; Farsi neseri; Russian roza muskusnaja; Hindi desi gulab; gulnastaran (Afghanistan); kuji, kajai (India); kembang rus (Java).
Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan to Kashmir.
Around the Mediterranean Sea cultivated since long times.
Flowers are used here and in Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, N India and Java. The young leaves are eaten in Java as vegetables. The fruits are used in India as a drug.
Ref.: Backer & Van Brink 1, 1963; Hegi IV (2), 1923; Ochse & Van den Brink 1931, 1005 pp.; Terra 1966, 107 pp.; Vul'f & Maleeva 1969, 566 pp.
Book (2001) Page(s) 185.
Plant Introductions in the period 1500-1599
c. 1590 Rosa moschata Musk Rose. W. Asia.
Book (Nov 1998) Page(s) 13.
R. moschata The original Musk Rose... blooms in autumn.
Book (May 1998) Page(s) 14-15. Includes photo(s).
Rosa moschata ('Musk Rose', 'Rosier musque') Description... This rose originates in Barbary. It is tender and requires shelter in winter... Olivier has seen it on trees 9 m high in the gardens of the King of Persia at Isfahan. Musk, the perfumed oil that is subject of so much trade in the Levant, is extracted from this rose by distillation at Tunis...
Book (1997) Page(s) 243, 249-250. Includes photo(s).
R. moschata ('Musk Rose') Description and cultivation... An ancient cultivar probably introduced during the reign of Henry VIII... Flowers, produced in large spaced clusters, are cream until fully open, when they change to white...
Another horticulturist, Abunaṣri Heravi, the author of Eršād al-zerāʿa, (comp. ...1515-16), in a chapter on “gol-e sorḵ and the like” (pp. 202-7), mentions sixteen kinds of gol [rose]: ....gol-e moškin “musk-scented rose,” also called šaš-māha “lasting six months,” ...
Book (Nov 1994) Page(s) 220-224. Includes photo(s).
When I began to study...I had no idea that there was any real mystery about the identify of the Musk Rose...I had always accepted that the great rose which used to achieve some 40 feet on the pine stems...at Cambridge, and the old giant of the rose dell in the Royal Botanic Garden at Kew were, both of them, R. moschata, the Musk Rose. But this Musk Rose is a summer-flowering rose with long narrow leaves; one great crop of bloom and all is over...Turning to the herbalists' rose, the true (foreign) Rosa moschata of Elizabethan and Jacobean day, did not flower until the late summer or autumn...To this we must add that Rosa moschata in any form [both single and double being well-documented] was the only rose that could be called "climbing" in those early days of gardening in Britain...[GST continues with descriptions through the 1840's] It is here that the mystery makes itself so greatly felt. It will be noted that up to the present there has been no mention of a gigantic climbing rose whose shoots reach 30 to 50 feet, bearing long drooping leaves...which is the type of rose commonly found in rose collection roday under the name of "Rosa moschata."...
Rosa brunonii was introduced in 1812 from Nepal. It is quite obvious that under R. moschata Miss Willmott was describing Rosa brunonii...
I has looked at many gardening books in the hope of further elucidation...Almost the last book...was My Garden In Summer by E. A. Bowles, 1914..."The true and rare old Musk Rose exists here [Myddelton House, Enfield, north of London] but in a juvenile state, for it is not many years since I brought it as cuttings from the splendid old speciment on The Grange at Bitton...."
I visited Myddelton House in late August 1963. And there....was a rose just coming into flower. It was without a doubt the Old Musk Rose...
Besides making a drawing of Bowe's Musk Rose, I pressed a specimen; both were compared with Hermann's description and Linnaeus' specimens by m old friend Dr W. T. Stearn of the Botany Department of the British Museum, who pronounced them all one and the same. Both Herrmann and Miller, whose names are used in various books as the authority for the name of Rosa moschata take the species' name from prior publication by Caspar Bauhin, 1671.
Book (1994) Page(s) 12-14. Includes photo(s).
Rosa moschata [One of the 65 climbing roses Stephen Scanniello describes in detail in his book and that grows in the Cranford Rose Garden at the Brooklyn Botanic Garden. There are several pages devoted to this rose, including its history, cultivation, and a photograph. Here are some highlights, but please refer to the book for more details.]
Introduced into England during the 16th Century… the musk rose… a late summer-flowering rose. Although some authorities claim that there is a China rose in its heritage, its exact origins are not known, and no species of rose that can be called its ancestor has ever been found.
In the late nineteenth century the Musk Rose became confused with a summer-blooming wild rose from the Himalayas, Rosa brunonii, which closely resembles it. Rosa brunonii was often sold as the musk rose and the true musk rose virtually disappeared from commerce until Graham Stuart Thomas pointed out that this "musk rose" that bloomed in early summer had to be an imposter. Thomas subsequently discovered a magnificent specimen of the true musk rose in an old garden in England.