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'Ann Endt' rose References
Newsletter  (Aug 2019)  Page(s) 38. Vol 44, No. 4.  
Noelene Hillier:  Theo Verryt, ‘Roseneath’.
....Plants and cuttings were supplied by Ruth Taykel.  It was Ruth who had found the Rugosa rose Ann Endt growing by an old farmhouse near Taupo and gave cuttings to Nancy Steen. 
Newsletter  (2005)  Page(s) Vol 26, No. 1.  
p30. Editor. Our Feature Rosarian. Ann Endt, Maker of Magic.
The world most frequently used to describe Ann's garden was "magic". Ann Endt arrived in Auckland, New Zealand, in 1954, with her husband Jan, three children, and raw memories of war time in an occupied Holland.....
In recognition of her gardening talent and generosity to the gardening public, Ann was made a Life Member of Heritage Roses New Zealand and of the Royal New Zealand Institute of Horticulture.

p32. Gary Boyle, Auckland. A pilgrimage to Ann Endt's Garden`.....
Newsletter  (2005)  Page(s) 33.  
Editor. Rosa 'Ann Endt'. There is some mystery as to the origin of the rose named for Ann Endt, which may never be fully reconciled. However the following history represents the best of my rosarian detective efforts.
“Some years ago we were given another most unusual hybrid rugosa that has turned out to be a real garden treasure. It came to us labelled as Rosa foliolosa. Rosa foliolosa is a low-growing, narrow leaved, pink flowered, wild rose from Texas, Arkansas, and Oklahoma, which we grow in a large pocket at the rear of a rock garden. Next to it, in a lower pocket, we have planted this interesting hybrid Rugosa, and there is a vast difference between the two plants. Rosa rugosa imports its strong stems to its progeny; they are heavily clothed with large and small prickles, and bristles. On the other hand, its leaves are smaller, narrower, softer and of a less vivid green than those of many pure Rugosas. The flowers, which come in spaced sprays, are rich maroon-crimson, with long elegant sepals which extend beyond the petals, and yellow, not cream stamens. These blooms look delightful against the soft green foliage, and the bush flowers splendidly – much better than its small, pink-flowered neighbour Rosa foliolosa. Even the partial shade of a tall purple birch does not seem to affect its free-flowering habit.”
Nancy Steen, The Charm of Old Roses (1966)
While Nancy does not describe the scent of this Rosa rugosa x Rosa foliolosa rose, others have described a strong cinnamon fragrance that is not characteristic of Rugosa roses, which some feel lends further support to the proposed Rosa foliolosa parentage. Despite an extensive literature search, no reference has been found to link a cinnamon, or any other particular scent to Rosa foliolosa. Cinnamon is an unusual fragrance note for a rose, and even the Cinnamon Rose appears to have been named for the colour of its stems, rather than for its floral fragrance. While Nancy never spotted another bush of her Rosa rugosa x Rosa foliolosa rose on all her extensive travels, and despite the hybrid rose having neither name nor established parentage, this rose began to spread from one rosarian’s garden to another in a manner with which we are all familiar. Ken Nobbs, co-founder of Heritage Roses regarded this hardy hybrid rose very highly, as it flourished in his garden on a dry clay bank, producing large quantities – 1.35kg (776 hips) – of medium-small hips with a respectable Vitamin C content in a single year. In ‘An evaluation of rose hips’ in the 1978 New Zealand Rose Annual, Ken wrote:
‘Rugosa roses are often afflicted with difficult names; no wonder so few nurserymen seem to offer them for sale. Our Rosa rugosa x Rosa foliolosa should surely have received a name.”
No doubt struck by the great good sense of his own advice, later that same year Ken Nobbs registered and introduced Rosa rugosa x Rosa foliolosa as 'Ann Endt', in honour of this redoubtable New Zealand gardener and rosarian.
Newsletter  (2000)  Page(s) 5. vOL 21, nO. 4.  
Lloyd Chapman. The Endless Charm of Rugosas. 'Ann Endt' 1978. Undeservedly the least-known [rugosa], she is a New Zealand beauty named after Nancy Steen’s gardener. A relative of R. Foliosa, she shares the elongated foliage, long pointed buds and single blooms, which are large, with prominent golden stamens, but have a striking cerise colour. Good hips and all other classic Rugosa qualities. A tall spreading shrub that might climb if enouraged. A wonderful rose.
Book  (2000)  Page(s) 82.  Includes photo(s).
‘Ann Endt’ = Hybride de Rugosa… fleur simple… rouge grenat… étamines crème.. sent bon la cannelle… Il forme un gracieux arbuste à planter en haie, en bosquet ou parmi des vivaces. Ann Endt fut longtemps la jardinière de Nancy Steen, auteur de ‘Charm of Old Roses’. Puis elle créa son propre jardin à Auckland, en Nouvelle-Zélande, où elle fut l’une des premières à planter des rosiers en compagnie de vivaces, d’arbustes et de bulbes. Nobbs, Nouvelle-Zélande, 1978. Rosa rugosa x Rosa foliolosa.
Book  (1998)  Page(s) 40.  Includes photo(s).
'Ann Endt' Origin Ken Nobbs, New Zealand, 1978. Breeding R. rugosa x R. foliolosa.
Dramatic single deep magenta-crimson in open clusters with a distinctive cinnamon scent. Attractive fine foliage and a stunning display of red hips. Named after an enthusiastic Auckland exponent of older roses. Size 0.9 x 1 m.

p87 Photo. 'Ann Endt'
Book  (Nov 1993)  Includes photo(s).
p111 Before leaving the Rugosas and their marvellous hips, we should mention a New Zealand rose, ‘Anne Endt’, an R. foliolosa Rugosa hybrid. Growing to a height of 1.8m, this sprawling shrub has a more fern-like quality to its leaves than the other Rugosas. The single-petalled flowers are of rich magenta with golden stamens, and they set deep red hips, smaller than most Rugosas. A lovely sprawling but graceful rose, it is well worth growing, but beware – it will sucker for miles, so always choose a budded plant.

p112 'Anne Endt' - photo of hips.

p170. Anne Endt’, unknown [date]. Hybrid Foliolosa, single magenta, hips, scented, recurrent.
Book  (11 Jun 1993)  Page(s) 8.  
R. rugosa x R. foliolosa. Nobbs (New Zealand) 1978. Description... neither widely available nor well documented... the blossom is crimson and single... The cinnamon scent, not characteristic of the rugosas, is probably attributable to R. foliolosa... may be available in New Zealand.
Book  (1993)  Page(s) 22.  Includes photo(s).
Rosa foliolosa ‘Anne Endt’. Shrub. ‘Anne Endt’ is a selected form of a very graceful species from Oklahoma and Arkansas, making a luxuriant, almost thornless bush with lush bright green foliage (foliolosa, given by Thomas Nuttall, means ‘ Leafy’) which colors brightly in autumn, or fall. The large carmine flowers appear late and then continue, a few at a time, until the autumn, or fall, when there are round, deep pink hips to be seen. Late-summer flowering. Fragrant.
Book  (1991)  Page(s) 8.  
'Ann Endt'. R. rugosa x R. foliolosa. Nobbs, New Zealand, 1978.
This is an interesting hybrid of R. rugosa, originating from the Far East, and R. foliolosa, a native of the southern prairies of the United States. These two species are similar in some ways, yet very different. ‘Ann Endt’, a product of New Zealand rose hybridizers, is neither widely available nor well documented. The blossom is deep crimson and single which is predictable since both parents are single roses. The cinnamon scent, not characteristic of the rugosas, is probably attributable to R. foliolosa. Descriptions of the foliage note that it is small; however, curiously, no mention is made of it being narrow, a typical trait of foliolosa foliage. ‘ Ann Endt’ may be available in New Zealand.
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