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'Ena Harkness' rose References
Book  (Dec 1998)  Page(s) 223.  Includes photo(s).
Ena Harkness Hybrid Tea. Norman (UK) 1946. Description... 'Ena Harkness' was bred by an amateur hybridist, A. Norman, and introduced by the Harkness firm... bred for cool climates... Of the purest unfading crimson and with the true Damask perfume of its parent, 'Crimson Glory', it was grown in most rose gardens of the world in the 1950s...
Book  (Jul 1996)  Page(s) 37.  
Ena Harkness Large-flowered bush (Hybrid Tea) Norman (England) 1946. Description.
Book  (1996)  Page(s) 63.  
A family friend, Albert Norman, raised ['Ena Harkness'] and wanted to name it for rose grower Bill Harkness, but Bill suggested it bear his wife's name instead. It appeared in 1946
Book  (Sep 1993)  Page(s) 163.  Includes photo(s).
Ena Harkness Large-flowered. Description... a glorious red color... Albert Norman, England, 1946. Parentage: 'Crimson Glory' x 'Southport'
Book  (Apr 1993)  Page(s) 160.  
Ena Harkness Hybrid Tea, medium red, 1946, 'Crimson Glory' x 'Southport'; Norman. Description.
Book  (Feb 1993)  Page(s) 183.  Includes photo(s).
Ena Harkness Large-flowered hybrid tea. Parentage: 'Crimson Glory' x 'Southport'. England 1946. Description and cultivation. Flowers: velvety scarlet to crimson... The stems are weak and the blooms have a tendency to nod...
Book  (1993)  Includes photo(s).
p163. 'Ena Harkness'. Large Flowered. With famous parents like Kordes's 'Crimson Glory' and McGredy's vivid scarlet 'Southport', it is no wonder that 'Ena Harkness' acquired such a glorious red color. The plant is of strong, upright growth, with leathery olive-green foliage, and the blooms high centred, fully double and oh how splendidly fragrant! The whole package was put together by the English amateur raiser Albert Norman (a diamond cutter by trade) and introduced in 1946 by the Harkness Company. Almost half a century later, and 'Ena Harkness' stil remains 'a crimson-scarlet standby' in a cool-climate rose garden, flowering freely all season. Feed it well, or the flower stalks will be weak. 'Crimson Glory' x 'Southport'. Repeat flowering. Fragrant.

p232 'Josephine Bruce'..... Some people claim that it is intensely fragrant;' others find its scent only slight. Perhaps, as happened with 'Ena Harkness'; there are two strains of 'Josephine Bruce'.
Book  (1993)  Page(s) 133.  Includes photo(s).
A Hybrid Tea raised by Norman in Britain and launched by Harkness in 1946.
Book  (May 1992)  Page(s) 36.  
Crimson Glory was introduced in 1935 and remained popular as the best red until superseded in the 1950s by one of its descendants, 'Ena Harkness'.
Book  (1990)  Page(s) 62.  
Ted Phillips, Rosanna, Victoria.  Some of the Darker Reds and Others.  
'Crimson Glory',  'Ena Harkness', 'Josephine Bruce - the defects in growth and disease resistance of all three are too well known to need repeating. I still grow the first two because they have always done well for me and give me some lovely blooms.
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