'Scotch Briar' rose References
Book (2018) Page(s) 542. Includes photo(s).
Rosa pimpinellifolia L.
...western and southern Europe, southwestern and central Asia, China, Korea and Turkey. In Turkey in higher mountainous regions of northern and eastern Anatolia, Gümüşhane, Erzurum, Kars, Ağrı and Van....
Article (magazine) (2002) Page(s) 360.
Spinose Rose (Rosa spinosissima L.). This species grows on slopes of the mountains and in steppe meadows. It is a xero-mesophytic shrub 0.7 to 2.0 m high with branches that are thickly covered by straight thin thorns. Compound leaves have five to eleven orbicular or elliptical leaflets. White to yellowish-white flowers are borne singly. Brownish-red or blackish fruits are globular or oblate. Flesh is inedible due to the high tannin content.
Article (magazine) (2002) Page(s) 355.
R. spinosissima (Spinose Rose), Distribution: The Altai, Tarbagatai, Dzhungarskei Alatau, Use: Food, medicinal, ornamental plant; easily cultured.
Article (magazine) (2001) Page(s) 393.
R. spinosissima L. Ploidy, Ploidy 4x
Pollen fertility 97.7%
Selfed Fruit set 75.8%
Selfed Seed set 58.7%
Book (2001) Page(s) 441.
Rosa spinosissima L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 491, p.p. typ.
Rosa pimpinellifolia L., Syst. nat. ed. 10, 2 (1759) 1062; R. pulchella Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allert (1796) 358; R. altaica Willd., Enum. pl. hort. Berol. (1809) 543; R. sibirica Tratt., Monogr. 2 (1823) 230; R. illinoiensis Baker ex Willmott, Gen. Rosa 2 (1911) 243.
Scottish rose, burnet rose; German Dünenrose, Bibernellrose; French rose des arêtes, rose des dunbes, rosier pimprenelle; Russian roza koljučejšaja.
Europe to W Asia and Siberia, NE to NW China.
In Europe locally planted on coasts for stabilizing sandy dunes and for preventing erosion.
In the Caucasus dried flowers and fruits are used as tea substitute. In Europe cultivated since the 16th cent.
Ref.: Ehlers 1960, 278 pp.; Hegi IV (2), 1923; Komarov 10, 1941.
Book (Feb 1999) Page(s) 18-19. Includes photo(s).
Scotch Rose One of Taylor's 50 Best Roses. Description, vital statistics, and care advice... small, lightly but sweetly scented blossoms that are usually creamy white, sometimes blushed pink or yellow... purple to black hips that follow are about 1 inch in diameter... Maintenance is minimal. Once a year, prune out dead or damaged canes...
Book (Nov 1998) Page(s) 14, 16. Includes photo(s).
R. spinosissima Produces black hips... Branches of hips are favored holiday decor, and fruit lasts well whether or not stems are in water.
Book (Nov 1998) Page(s) 11.
R. pimpinellifolia Thrives in most soils, particularly sandy ones. Flowers: white, pronounced stamens. Hips: currantlike and almost black...
Book (1997) Page(s) 3, 124. Includes photo(s).
Page 3: [Photo]
Page 124: R. pimpinellifolia, R. spinosissima, 'Scotch Briar', 'Burnet Rose'... Europe pre-1600... Charming, single flowers, creamy-white, sometimes with subtle hints of pink, borne freely early in the season, sometimes repeated spasmodically through to autumn...
Book (Mar 1994) Page(s) 88. Includes photo(s).
Rosa pimpinellifolia Description and vital statistics...