'Triomphe biflore' rose References
The plant directory of the Landscape Park Schönbusch near Aschaffenburg of 1783 includes a rose list which gives new insights into "early Roses". This was first published by Mr. Albert Jost in the Magazine Zandera (2010).
The directory is the earliest known document to date that lists new Roses with French names in a considerable scope. This type of name-giving was typical for Daniel August Schwarzkopf, the Court Gardener at Kassel. Many roses which are liste in the Schönbusch Directory were oviously obtained from Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe, Hesse, as several of the listed sorts were provenly obtained there. Moreover Christian Bode, the Court Gardener in Schönbusch, had came there in 1781 from Kassel, where he had been educated in the princely gardens.
For this reason, several of the early roses which were thought to be of Dutch or French origin, should be assumed now to be German obtentions.
'Aimable Rouge' (1783)
'Rose Incomparable' (1783)
'Belle sans Flatterie' (1783)
'Manteau Pourpre' (1783)
'Soleil Brillant' (1783)
Book (2012) Page(s) 41.
Damas & Belgique
R. Triomphe Biflore h.d. [Hardy] & à Paris
[syn.] Boule d'hortensia de quel ques amateurs
[syn.] Aimable rouge Vibert
[syn.] Princesse d'hollande Vibert
[syn.] Agatha majestueuse Rouen
[syn.] Mon Adèle Tassin à Douai
[syn.] Impérial à plumet Guerrapain
Book (2001) Page(s) 195, plate 42. Includes photo(s).
Rose Aimable Rouge
Conrad Mönch 1785 calls it a subspecies of R. belgica, bred in Weissenstein.
Gerda Nissen, in her book 'Alte Rosen', writes as follows on 'Aimable Rouge': "This small gallica rose was one of my first finds, and I was able to give it back ist true name when I found its double in 1979 in the rose section of a dealer specializing in old plants in Denmark. There it was called 'Aimable Rouge'. The pretty name suggests that it was given its name by Empress Josephine. At all events it is recorded that it grew in her garden in Malmaison.
Three years later in Kassel I celebrated a second, unexpected meeting with it. Rose lovers had unearthed in the Wilhelmshöhe Schloss Museum a forgotten treasure: 133 watercolour paintings of roses by the court painter Salomon Pinhas, which had been painted between 1806 and 1815 and had never been seen by the public. These coloured plates showed the roses of a collection that the Landgreve of Hesse began to build up from 1767 on. And lo and behold: 'Aimable Rouge' was also there, reproduced with accurate details down to the typical hollow, rounded foliage."
'Aimable Rouge' is a rather wild, suckering, rampant, low rose, which cannot be eradicated where it has once taken hold.
Book (Dec 2000) Page(s) 237.
Impérial à Plumet Agathe. Holland date uncertain -1811
Book (Apr 1999) Page(s) 31.
Aimable Rouge ('Centfeuilles d'Angleterre', 'Hortensia', 'La Triomphe', 'Rose Hortensia', 'Royal Virgin Rose', 'Agathe Majesteuse' -- possible synonym, 'Great Royal' -- possible synonym). Gallica, Godefroy, pre-1811. The author cites information from several sources... hydrangea pink...
Book (Mar 1999) Page(s) 29.
('Aimable Rouge', 'La Triomphe') Godefroy (France) 1817. Illustrated by Redoute, 'Aimable Rouge' was popular in France and Holland in the 1820s. Description.
Book (Dec 1998) Page(s) 68.
Aimable Rouge ('Le Triomphe') Gallica. Vibert 1819. Description... illustrated by Redouté... purple-pink blooms with some veining of deeper pink... It was very popular in Europe in the 1820s...
Book (Jul 1998) Page(s) 132-133.
Aimable Rouge Vibert, 1819-1820.
Synonyms: Boule d'hortensia (according to Pirolle, 1826). Le triomphe (idem). Triomphe biflore (idem).
Habit: 1.20 m, upright, some prickles. Foliage: light, small leaflets, rounded or elliptical, normally 5 per leaf, bu very often only 3. Bloom: solitary, medium size, cupped, well double, quartered. Colour: shaded red. Fragrance: medium.
References: Vibert, catal. 1820, no. 404 and following catalogues. Bibliography: Jacob et al. p. 96. Trade: Yes, but rare. Collections: author, Sangerhausen.
A first 'Aimable rouge' existed, which, according to Redouté, came from Holland. One finds this in the Almanach of Guerrapain (1811) who states there "a pink less dark than that of Centifolias, blended with White", and in the Nomenclature of Pronville (1818) who describes it as "a beautiful hydrangea-pink, fading to white towards the edges of the petals". It is perhaps this variety which Desportes, in his Rosetum gallicum (1828) names 'Aimable pourpre', effectively indicating that it comes from Holland. It was painted by Salomon Pinhas, at Wilhelmshöhe (Kassel, Germany), towards 1815: this painting is still found today in the collections of the castle. This first variety is probably extinct, contrary to what is indicated in the bibliography.
More probably, the current 'Aimable rouge' is the gallica obtained by Vibert in 1819, to which he gave the same name as the old variety. Apparently he strongly hesitated in ist classification, as he placed it among "Provins* in his catalogue of 1820, then in "Hybrid Centifolia" in that of 1822, and finally in "Hybrid Provence" in that of 1824 (but is that the same, as it is now dated 1820 and not 1819?)
Article (newsletter) (1996) Page(s) 45.
One of many Gallicas produced in the Low Countries before 1814 and still with us today. Dupont in Paris had, in 1813, a collection of 218 species and varieties of roses, of which 60 were Gallicas. Of his 60 Gallicas, this is one of the twelve that still exist.
Book (1980) Page(s) 101.