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'Cardinal de Richelieu' rose Description
'Cardinal de Richelieu (gallica, Parmentier, pre 1847)' rose photo
Photo courtesy of Roselovr in East Hampton's Garden
Commercially available
HMF Ratings:
94 favorite votes.  
Average rating: GOOD+.  
Mauve or mauve blend Hybrid China.
Registration name: Cardinal de Richelieu
Bred by Louis-Joseph-Ghislain Parmentier (Belgium, before 1847).
Gallica / Provins.  
Mauve or purple blend.  None to mild fragrance.  up to 50 petals.  Average diameter 2.25".  Medium, very full (41+ petals) bloom form.  Once-blooming spring or summer.  
Height of 3' to 6' (90 to 185 cm).  Width of 2' to 3' (60 to 90 cm).
USDA zone 4b through 8b.  Prune after flowering is finished.  
Armand Jean de Plessis, Duc -- and Cardinal -- de Richelieu was born 9 September 1585 in Richelieu, Poitou, France. His father died when he was only five, leaving the family in a precarious position financially from which they eventually recovered, but which affected Armand so that he was obsessed throughout his life with the fear of poverty. Known also as The Red Eminence (L'Éminence Rouge), the Cardinal served as minister to Louis XIII From 1624 to 1642. He died in Paris 4 December 1642. Cardinal de Richelieu figures prominently in
The Three Musketeers by Alexandre Dumas.

Most sources credit this rose to Van Sian, in Holland, who gave it to Laffay to introduce in France. However, Francois Joyaux, in his definitive book La Rose de France, says the breeder was actually Louis Parmentier in Belgium.

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