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The Charm of Old Roses, 1966 ed.
(1987)  Page(s) 30.  Includes photo(s).
 
Plate 30
(1987)  Page(s) 32.  
 
Redoute painted it at Malmaison.
(1987)  Page(s) 9.  Includes photo(s).
 
Plate 9
(1966)  Page(s) 57.  
(1987)  Page(s) 3.  Includes photo(s).
 
Plate 3
(1987)  Page(s) 1.  
 
Description. Sometimes called the "blue" rose because it fades to rosy-lilac, and then to lilac with a hint of blue and grey in certain lights... in 1848 'Anaïs Ségalas' was listed by William Paul as a crimson centifolia. Its thorny stems certainly suggest a hybrid origin, but it is far more of a Gallica than a Centifolia; and the term crimson does not adequately describe its subtle colouring. 'AS' abounds in New Zealand where it grows wild. The wild ones are smaller than the cultivated ones in gardens. The colour varies a little according to whether the soil is heavy clay or sand. It is one of the earliest roses to bloom.
(1966)  Page(s) 229.  
 
Some years ago we were given another most unusual hybrid Rugosa that has turned out to be a real garden treasure. It came to us labelled as Rosa foliolosa. R. foliolosa is a low-growing, narrow leaved, pink flowered, wild rose from Texas, Arkansas, and Oklahoma, which we grow in a large pocket at the rear of a rock garden. Next to it, in a lower pocket, we have planted this interesting hybrid Rugosa, and there is a vast difference between the two plants. R. rugosa imports its strong stems to its progeny; they are heavily clothed with large and small prickles, and bristles. On the other hand, its leaves are smaller, narrower, softer and of a less vivid green than those of many pure rugosas. The flowers, which come in spaced sprays, are rich maroon-crimson, with long elegant sepals which extend beyond the petals, and yellow, not cream stamens. These blooms look delightful against the soft green foliage, and the bush flowers splendidly – much better than its small, pink-flowered neighbour R. foliolosa. Even the partial shade of a tall purple birch does not seem to affect its free-flowering habit.
In Les Plus Belles Roses, M. Maurice Vilmorin is mentioned as having produced an interesting and very remontant hybrid between R. rugosa and R. foliolosa. A black and white sketch of the bush shows it as being of low stature and having very dark blooms. We took slides of this rose with us to England and were able to compare the flowers and leaves of our rose [Ann Endt] with those of William Paul's hybrid R. rugosa atropurpurea. This we found to be a much taller plant; a very fine rose, but not our unusual one. On our return to New Zealand, we sent slides to Wilson Lynes, an authority on wild American roses. He confirmed our impression that it was a hybrid between an American and a Japanese rose, both types hybridising freely. In fact, Mr. Lynes said that many of their own native roses are closely related. He was referring in particular to foliolosa and humilis, two low-growing roses from the same area, both of which have crossed with one another as well as with a form of R. rugosa. He considered taht our rose, because of its low growth, and fairly narrow leaves, was probably a hybrid from R. foliolosa. As we did not come across this rose either in Europe or North America, we hope its naming is correct; it certainly makes a striking garden plane.
(1987)  Page(s) 29.  
 
It possesses the unusual characteristic of producing fresh green shoots and flowers at the same time.
(1987)  Page(s) 1.  Includes photo(s).
 
Plate 1
(1987)  Page(s) 5.  
 
Gerard listed it in his herbal (in 1596) as R. rubra.
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