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'Rosa gallica atropurpurea' rose Description
'Charles de Mills' rose photo
Photo courtesy of Scottrose82
Commercially available
HMF Ratings:
176 favorite votes.  
Average rating: EXCELLENT-.  
Mauve or mauve blend.
Registration name: Charles de Mills
Bred by Unknown Dutch origin (Netherlands, before 1786).
Gallica / Provins.  
Crimson or dark purple.  Strong fragrance.  Average diameter 4.75".  Large, full (26-40 petals) bloom form.  Once-blooming spring or summer.  
Few or no prickles/thorns, suckers on its own roots.  Dark green foliage.  

Height: 39" to 5' (100 to 150cm).  Width: 4' to 5' (120 to 150cm).
USDA zone 4b through 8b.  Shade tolerant.  Disease susceptibility: disease resistant, susceptible to Mildew.  Prune after flowering is finished.  Prune lightly until this rose gets established (about two years), then prune it back by about a third..  This rose blooms on old wood.  
Patent status unknown (to HelpMeFind).
The earliest mention of 'Bizard triomphant' is in the 1786 catalogue of Gottlob Börner from Dresden, Germany, "bizard" being a term applied to tulips with streaked petals. This term seems to have mutated to "bizarre" in later French publications.

Pépinières Loubert's 2002 Catalogue says this rose came from Holland pre-1700. The 2004 catalogue lists 'Bizarre triomphant' as originating before 1811 and a separate 'Charles de Mills' before 1885. The 1844/45 Van Houtte catalogue contains the first known mention of 'Charles de Mils'. There is no substantion for the date of 1746.

A Charles Mills was Director of the East India Company, elected 1785.

scattered second blooms in a hot period (July 22, 2018)
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