"Pickering Centifolia" rose References
Magazine (2021) Page(s) 8. Vol 43, No. 3. Includes photo(s).
Darrell G. H. Schramm. Sutherland Roses.
.....The rose in her honor had appeared 22 years earlier, a Hybrid Perpetual, large, glossy pink, bred by Jean Laffay (1794- 1878), father of Hybrid Perpetuals. Strongly perfumed, the flowers sit on short, upright and glandular-pilose stems. The sepals, long and narrow, enlarge themselves at the tip. The green foliage is finely dentate and glandular along the leaf edge. This beauty can be seen growing at Quarryhill (Sonoma) Botanic Garden, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, and San Jose Heritage Rose Garden. Surprisingly, Duchess of Sutherland is not grown in the famous gardens of ‘Mottisfont’ (England) nor at the Roseraie at l’Haÿ les Roses (France).
Website/Catalog (27 Jul 2011) Includes photo(s).
Rosa ‘Duchess of Sutherland’
Hybrid Perpetual. ‘Duchess of Sutherland’ has deep pink flowers, highly fragrant and with a red edge, although this is not obvious in the plant in my garden. It was recommended as a pot rose. [Paul (1848, 1863, 1888), Rivers (1854, 1857, 1863), Henry Curtis p.3 vol.1/1850, Gard. Chron. (1847, 1856)].
Horticultural & Botanical History
Introduced by Laffay in 1839. It was beautifully figured in the British Florist. [BF pl.52/1844].
History at Camden Park
Included in a handwritten list of roses dated 1861, probably intended for a new edition of the catalogue that was never printed. [MP A2943].
Book (2006) Page(s) 69.
'Comtesse d’Oxford'. [“Sangerhausen Duchess of Sutherland”]
Magazine (2001) Page(s) 40. Vol 23, No. 2.
Philip Sutherland. The Hybrid Perpetual Rose. ….though ‘Duchesse de Sutherland’ was still being grown for the Parisian cut-flower trade in the late 1920’s. It also seemed to impress the Clark family who grew it at Glenara, although it now appears to be extinct in Australia.
Book (Dec 2000) Page(s) 275.
Duchesse de Sutherland
Jean Laffay 1839
Book (Apr 1993) Page(s) 146.
Duchess of Sutherland Hybrid Perpetual, 1839, Laffay. Description.
Book (Jun 1992) Page(s) 128.
Duchesse de Sutherland ('Duchess of Sutherland') Hybrid Perpetual. Laffay, 1839. [Author cites information from different sources.]
Bright glossy pink, changing to pale rose... flesh pink of an incomparable shade... A good seed-bearer... thorny...
Heritage Roses in Australia 1986 Conference Proceedings. p34
Address by Clair Martin III “Hunting Old Roses in California”:
I think this is the one you’re calling 'Duchess of Sutherland', which is a very important, very early Hybrid perpetual. In actuality a hybrid China, and I’ll have to define what I call a hybrid China. It’s exactly what William Paul calls a hybrid China. Any European rose crossed with the China rose that really in the beginning were once blooming. They only bloomed in spring. This is what happens, the 'Duchess of Sutherland' is one of those roses, that not only does she bloom in spring, but she often repeats her bloom again. So its one of the roses that probably the European hybridizer, like Laffay and those people used to make their jump from once blooming roses to repeat blooming roses, Hybrid Perpetuals.
Website/Catalog (1960) Page(s) 18.
Rosiers Hybrides Remontants de petite végétation....
DUCHESS OF SUTHERLAND (A. Dickson 1912). Beau rose eglantine, grande, pleine. O[dorante].
Book (1948) Page(s) 1 7.
A. W. Jessep. The Botanical Position of the Rose. ….Hybrid Perpetual. ….and in 1837 ‘Princess Helene’ was obtained. This was the earliest of the recognized Hybrid Perpetuals, but was closely followed by ‘Duchess of Sutherland’ and ‘Mme. Laffay’ in 1839. This group gradually became popular, and from 1860 until 1890 were by far the most popular garden roses.