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'Rosa centifolia batavica' rose References
Book  (2007)  Page(s) 21-23.  
Hogheland was a learned physician of high standing in the city of Leiden and especially interested in botany. Not only he grew 'Rosa batavica' in his garden, also the Belgian Brothers Balthasar and Karol Hoyke, living in Frankfurt, possessed it.
Book  (2006)  Page(s) 113-114.  
R. centifolia

Percentage Composition of the Components Identified through Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil of Rosa Extracted through Hexane Solvent Extraction.

Citronellol 54.745
Methyl Eugenol 3.901
Geraniol 2.684
Geranyl Acetate 2.524
Phenyl ethyl Alcohol 30.691
Linalool 1.687
Nerol -
Benzaldehyde 1.156
Benzyl Alcohol 0.085
Rhodinyl Acetate 1.951
Citronellyl Acetate 0.789
Benzyl Acetate 0.245
Phenyl ethyl Formate 0.879

Percentage Composition of the Components Identified through Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil of Rosa extracted through Ether Solvent Extraction

Citronellol 52.737
Methyl Eugenol 3.324
Geraniol 1.982
Geranyl Acetate 2.501
Phenyl ethyl Alcohol 33.789
Linalool 1.723
Nerol -
Benzaldehyde 0.973
Benzyl Alcohol 0.321
Rhodinyl Acetate 1.512
Citronellyl Acetate 1.832
Benzyl Acetate -
Phenyl ethyl Formate -
Book  (Aug 2002)  Page(s) 45.  
Gros Choux d'Hollande
Not rated
Book  (2001)  Page(s) 48.  
Gros Choux d'Hollande Centifolia, light pink, before 1867. Not rated.
Book  (1995)  Page(s) 101.  Includes photo(s).
Book  (Sep 1993)  Page(s) 207.  Includes photo(s).
Book  (Apr 1993)  Page(s) 227.  
Gros Choux d'Hollande Centifolia, soft rose-pink, ('Great Cabbage of Holland'). Description.
Book  (1991)  Page(s) 207.  
Gros Choux d'Hollande Sometimes classed as a Bourbon and sometimes as a Centifolia. Description... the name translate as 'Great Dutch Cabbage'... big, rose-pink blooms...
Book  (1990)  Page(s) 52.  
Grande Centfeuille de Hollande Centifolia. Prévost 1840... light pink...
Book  (1984)  Page(s) 51.  
Clusius (Charles de l'Ecluse) says having observed in 1591 a rose with almost white blooms, with 120 petals: he had received it in 1589 from John van Hogheland. These blooms have the form we meet in our Rosa x centifolia. In 1596 the Englishman Gerard speaks of the "Great Holland Rose" and again, in 1597, in his hernbal of "The Great Holland Rose". But he also calls it "Great Province", "Province" designating in english the town of Provins where in 1240 Rosa gallica 'Officinalis' was introduced. ...In 1581, l'Obel names our Rosa x centifolia as Rosa x damascena maxima. And in 1601, Clusius describes it under the name Rosa x centifolia batavica....It is 1733 that the confusion takes on perilous dimensions for our Rosa x centifolia. The Englishman Miller, who without doubt remembering 'Great Province', baptised it Rosa ...provincialis, as this is the latinised form of the english term "Province". However "provincialis" means, for all those who know a few elements of latin, belonging to the province of the Romans, and in particular to the "provincia nostra" of the majority of latin authors. And thus our poor rose was called "rosier de Provence"!
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