'Rosa bracteata J.C.Wendl.' rose References
Book (2019) Rosa bracteata
J. C. Wendland, Bot. Beob. 50. 1798.
shuo bao qiang weiRosa macartnea
Dumont de Courset; R. sinica
Linnaeus var. braamiana
Shrubs evergreen, diffuse, 0.5–3 m tall, with long repent branches. Branchlets purple-brown, terete, robust, tomentose; prickles often in pairs below stipules, straight to slightly curved, to 9 mm, flat, smaller prickles and glandular bristles often present and dense to scattered. Leaves including petiole 4–9 cm; stipules mostly free, or with base adnate to petiole, densely pubescent, margin pectinate, densely glandular-pubescent; rachis and petiole sparsely pubescent, glandular-pubescent and shortly prickly; leaflets 5–9, elliptic or obovate, 1–2.5 × 0.5–1.5 cm, leathery, abaxially glabrous or pubescent along veins, adaxially glabrous, shiny, base broadly cuneate or subrounded, margin crenate, apex truncate, rounded-obtuse, or slightly acute. Flowers solitary or 2 or 3 and fasciculate, 4.5–9 cm in diam.; pedicel less than 1 cm, densely villous, sparsely glandular-pubescent; bracts several, large, broadly ovate, abaxially densely tomentose, adaxially subglabrous, margin irregularly incised serrate, laciniate, or pectinate. Hypanthium depressed-globose, abaxially densely tawny pubescent and glandular-pubescent. Sepals 5, broadly ovate, abaxially densely tawny pubescent, adaxially sparsely pubescent, apex caudate-acuminate. Petals 5, white or yellowish white, obovate, base broadly cuneate, apex emarginate. Styles free, slightly exserted, slightly shorter than stamens, densely pubescent. Hip globose, 1.3–2.7 cm in diam., densely tawny pubescent, with persistent, reflexed sepals. Fl. May–Jul, fr. Aug–Nov.
Mixed forests, scrub, sandy hills, stream sides, seashores, roadsides; sea level to 300 m. Fujian, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [S Japan].
Kakayan-Bara (Cagayan Rose) syn. =Yaeyama-No-Ibara (Field Briar from Yaeyama Islands)
R. bracteata J.C.Wendl.
Bot. Beob.:50 (1798)
This rose is found only in some of the Yaeyama Islands, which are located in the southern points of Japan, but also is distributed in lowlands of Taiwan and southern areas of China. The author saw it growing wild in grassland on Ishigaki Island.
In 1828, a drifting ship reached the coast of Cagayan, northern part of Luzon Island, the Philippines. When the sailors came back to Japan two years later, the captain brought seeds of R. bracteata to Daisuke Baba, a samurai and a famous plant collector. It was the first record of this rose in Japan, and so it came to be called Kakayan-Bara.
It gives pretty large white flowers 5 to 7 cm across. Notched bracts just below the calyx tube are the distinctive feature of this rose. A famous descendant of this rose, 'Mermaid' (W. Paul, 1918) has bracts of the same shape, too. The author heard that R. bracteata comes in bloom in May in its natural habitats, but the one she planted in Chiba (near Tokyo) gives flowers sporadically from May to November...
Article (misc) (2005) Page(s) 110, Table 5.1.
R. bracteata : diploid
Book (2002) Page(s) 84.
R. bracteata Species, white, 1793. Rated 7.3
Article (magazine) (2001) Page(s) 393.
R. bracteata Wendl. Ploidy 2x
Pollen fertility 75.7%
Selfed Fruit set 0%
Book (2000) Page(s) 48-49. Includes photo(s).
Rosa bracteata/’Chickasaw Rose’/’Macartney Rose’ - description
Book (Nov 1998) Page(s) 13.
R. bracteata Known as the McCartney rose because Lord McCartney brought it back from a diplomatic visit to China in 1793... Flowers: single, white.
Book (May 1998) Page(s) 16, 17. Includes photo(s).
Page 16: Rosa bracteata ('Bracteate Rose', 'Macartney Rose', 'Rosier de Macartney') Description... Native of China, whence it was brought by Lord Macartney and flowered for the first time in Cels...
Page 17: [Illustration]
Book (Mar 1998) Page(s) 10.
R. bracteata discovered in China in 1795... rounded leaflets and white flowers... intermittent repeat flowerings until autumn. 2 hybrids, one of which is 'Mermaid'
Magazine (1998) Page(s) 116. Vol 92, part 4.
Dr. Tam Koolin. Three Wild Roses and Old Blushes in Coastal Fujian, South East China.
Last of the species roses to bloom was R. bracteata, the prickliest of the lot......