'R. foetida' rose References
Article (magazine) (2023)
GC-MS analysis revealed the major scent components of R. foetida and R. foetida var. bicolor were geranyl acetate, 2-phenylethanol, and 2-phenylethyl acetate, each rose with different ratios. The main scent component of R. foetida f. persiana was caryophyllene. The ratio of hydrocarbons was high in R. foetida and its sport cultivars. Characteristic aromatic components of R. foetida and its sport cultivars in this study were the fatty acid derivatives (E, E)- and/or (E, Z)-2,4- decadienal (2,4-DA), (E, E)-2,4-decadienol (2,4-DO), and (Z)-jasmone. In addition, trace amounts of methyl dihydrojasmonate was detected in R. foetida (data not shown). These components are unreported for the plant genus Rosa.
....the unpleasant odor of R. foetida and its sport cultivars is likely caused by the fatty acid derivatives, 2,4-DA and 2,4-DO
Composition ratios of volatile compounds in flowers of Rosa foetida and its sport cultivars (%).
Nonadecane Bland [Odor strength] None 18.1
2-Phenylethyl acetate Floral-honey Medium 17.8
2-Phenylethanol Floral-rosy Medium 16.4
8-Heptadecene Waxy Low 8.7
Heptadecane Waxy Low 8.2
Fatty acid derivatives
(Z)-Jasmone Floral-jasmin Medium 0.9
(E,E)-2,4-Decadienol Fatty-oily High 0.3
(E,E)-2,4-Decadienal Fatty-chicken High 0.2
Book (2018) Page(s) 537. Includes photo(s).
Rosa foetida J. Herrm.
Irak, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Turkestan and Turkey. Spreads in Tekirdağ, İstanbul, Bilecik, Ankara,
Çorum, Gümüşhane, Niğde, Erzincan, Van, Gaziantep and Mardin regions.
Book (2015) Page(s) 82, 84(photo). Includes photo(s).
[From "Roses Explorers from Italy", by Helga Brichet, pp. 79-84, on Vittorio and Isabella Ducrot's rose explorations in Asia]
The second purely rose trip, in 1994, was planned along part of the Silk Route from Urumchi....The Valley of Gulmit has wonderful landscapes of glaciers and many thorny bushes with pink flowers of varying shades with small, 7-8 leaflets, and brown branches. Here ...was the amazing discovery of thick bushes of semi-double, red roses with a scent of the R. foetida, growing amongst hedges of the R. foetida Persiana.
Magazine (2015) Page(s) 209-213, vol. 5, no. 4.
Rosa foetida Herrm. flowers as a future natural antibacterial agent against the main cause of skin burn wound infections, Pseudomonas aeroginosa.
Rezghi Maedeh, H. Reza, Asgarpanah Jinous
Background & Aim: Belongs to Rosaecea family, Rosa foetida is one the Persian native plants which has not been investigated biologically. As it is traditionally used topically as poultice to treat infectious skin burns, the present paper focused on the assessment of the antibacterial activities of different extracts of R. foetida flowers against the main cause of skin burn wounds infections, Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Experimental: The antibacterial activity and MIC value determination were investigated by cup plate method and micro plate dilution method respectively. Results: All R. foetida extracts had inhibition activity on the growth of P. aeruginosa of which the aqueous and methanol extracts exhibited the strongest activities. Inhibition zone diameter and MIC values of the concentration of 125 mg/ml of both extracts were found to be somehow the same as those of the standard drug, Imipenem/Cilastatin (8/8 μg/ml). Recommended applications/industries: Results demonstrated that the plant is effective against the standard and pathogenic strains of P. aeruginosa and could be a potential source of effective natural antibacterial compounds to be applied in further phytochemical and invivo biological studies.
Article (magazine) (2009) Page(s) 30.
R. foetida Herrm. Source RJBM [Réal Jardin Botanico Madrid] Chromosome Number 28
IN SEARCH OF GENETIC DIVERSITY IN ROSA FOETIDA HERRMANN IN IRAN
Authors: L. Samiei, R. Naderi, A. Khalighi, A.-A. Bushehri, V. Mozaffarian, D. Esselink, M.J.M. Smulders
Rosa foetida is a dense, erect shrub with bright yellow or scarlet flowers with a yellowish reverse petal. It is most abundant in South West Asia. In Iran R. foetida occurs mainly in the mountainous North and West regions. The species is the origin of the strong yellow color in hybrid roses, which was introduced into modern cultivars in 1900 through a single species hybridization event. In this study we have used 10 microsatellite markers to determine diversity in Rosa foetida accessions collected across Iran. To our surprise, nearly all samples collected were of the same genotype, even when collected at different sites. Only four different genotypes have been detected in total. The results are discussed in relation to breeding system, human influence and overall gene pool status.
Article (misc) (Jun 2007)
Kashmir and the higher reaches of Himachal Pradesh are also home to the golden rose of Persia, now Iran, R.foetida.
Book (2005) Page(s) Vol. I, p. 198. Includes photo(s).
Rosaceae (Gülgiller), Rosa foetida (Sarıgül, Acem sarısı; Antep gülü), Yellow Briar. 5 petals. to 2.00 m. North, central and south eastern Turkey. Fields, cultivated ground. 700-1900 m. April-June. Perennial woody plant.
Book (2001) Page(s) 441.
Rosa foetida Herrm., De Rosa (1762) 18.
Rosa eglanteria L., Amoen. Acad. 5 (1760) 220, non L. (1753); R. lutea Mill., Gard. dict. ed. 8 (176^8) no. 4; R. chlorophylla Ehrh., Beitr. Naturk. 2 (1788) 138; R. eglanteria α lutea Thory ex Seringe in DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 607.
Persian yellow brier, Austrian brier; German Kapuzinerrose, Gelbe Rose; Russian roza vonjučaja, roza iranskaja želtaja.
Asia Minor, Armenia, Iran, Afghanistan to India and Tibet.
Often cultivated primarily as an ornamental shrub or hedge, so in India, Iran and Iraq. The petals together with the honey are prepared in Iran to the sweet "gulamgabiu"; the dried flowers are used as drug.
Ref.: Hegi IV (2) 1923; Husain & Kasim 1975, 275 pp.; Krüssmann 1986, 484 pp.; Vul'f & Maleeva 1969, 566 pp.; Wealth of India 9, 1972.
Article (magazine) (Jun 1999) Page(s) 99. Includes photo(s).
Rosa eglanteria Redouté & Thory One of the roses Josephine grew at Malmaison and that is still available today... Redouté's R. eglanteria is today known as R. foetida, or 'Austrian Yellow'... Scientists have proven that R. foetida is most susceptible to foliage disease and might even be the genetic source for black spot in other roses... 'Austrian Yellow' was popular in Colonial New England, where it's now often found near abandoned cellar holes...