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"Le Grand Capitaine - rose References
Book  (2006)  Page(s) 45.  
Le Grand Capitaine ("Mrs. Keays' "Grand Capitaine", "Eugène de Beauharnais") Bourbon. Good, reliable rebloom. Moderate fragrance. Short, compact. Unknown, found...From fat pink buds open deep crimson flowers flushing purple, sometimes finishing a smoky black overall; very full and quartered, thoroughly imbricated. Sold and portrayed elsewhere as a lost China, Eugène de Beauharnais, which it is not.
Book  (1935)  Page(s) 121.  
Among the original Creek Side roses was one, radiantly lovely when in perfection of bloom, which for years we had found it impossible to identify. Not until we had Gloire des Rosomanes, known variety, side by side with it, could we locate its class, and then it was so easy that we felt especially stupid. This is a rose we believe to be Le Grand Capitaine (The Great Captain), thought to be a seedling of the Gloire, arose which caused a furore in its day.
The Great captain was listed by American growers in the 1840s, and described as having the serrated foliage of Gloire des Rosomanes. Though a dwarf bush, stalk, prickles, and foliage of our rose are correct. The bloom is of great size when finest, full, cupped, and in arrangement and thickness of petals like Souvenirt de la Malmaison. Its color is the same brilliant scarlet and crimson as the Gloire, rich, velvety, and striking. The Great captain is at its best in autumn; in summer one would hardly know it for what it can be. Paul says that this rose grows best on its own roots, as our rose is. In these five years we have never succeeded in getting a cutting to strike, so we nurse and pamper our only plant for fear of losing it.
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