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'Cécile Brunner' rose References
Article (website)  (2004)  
RAPD-PCR analysis was used to answer questions regarding the identity of certain varieties of roses.
The question of the identity of ‘Spray Cecile Brunner’/‘Bloomfield Abundance’ was investigated, indicating that the plant currently grown under both names is truly a sport of ‘Cecile Brunner’, and should be classified as ‘Spray Cecile Brunner’.

Complete article is available online – see publication listing for URL
Book  (2002)  Page(s) 31.  
'Cecile Brunner' See Mlle Cecile Brunner
Book  (2000)  Page(s) 150.  Includes photo(s).
‘Cécile Brunner’/’Mme Cécile Brunner’/’Melle Cécile Brunner’/ ’Mignon’/ ’Sweetheart Rose’/’Maltese Rose’ = Polyantha… variété… parfois classée parmi les rosiers de Chine, est manifestement originaire d’Asie, encore que les experts la rattachent tantôt à Rosa multiflora, tantôt à Rosa chinensis… dédié à l’une des filles d’Ulrich Brunner, rosiériste réputé de Lausanne… Ducher, France, 1881. RHS Award of Garden Merit 1994.


'Cecile Brunner' / 'Cécile Brunner' / 'Miss Cecile Brunner' / 'Mignon' / 'Sweetheart Rose' / 'Rose Maltese' = Polyantha variety ... sometimes ... ranked among the roses of China, is clearly native to Asia, even the experts sometimes attached to the Rosa multiflora, Rosa chinensis sometimes ... dedicated to a daughter of Ulrich Brunner rose grower renowned Lausanne ... Ducher, France, 1881. RHS Award of Garden Merit 1994.
Website/Catalog  (23 Oct 1998)  Page(s) 37.  Includes photo(s).
Website/Catalog  (Jun 1998)  Page(s) 79.  Includes photo(s).
Magazine  (Mar 1997)  Page(s) 24-5.  

By Hillary Merrifield

Though my promised article on the Cécile Brunner group of roses is almost complete, I still need some further information. Perhaps HRA members can help me with the following.

1 It is known that the so-called Bloomfield Abundance (which I feel is a tall shrub form of Cécile Brunner) has been grown in Australia and elsewhere in the world since at least the 1930s. If possible, I would like to hear of examples whose age can be documented or estimated fairly accurately.

2 Just when the name Bloomfield Abundance was wrongly applied to the above rose is uncertain, though I have previously expressed the opinion that it did not come into general usage until the 1960s ( HRA Journal, Vol 18, No 4, p 32). The original Bloomfield Abundance was a 1920 Hybrid Tea, now presumed lost.

In my own case, in 1963 I moved into a turn of the century house in Guildford (Perth) which had a garden where none of the roses was dated later than 1930. There was a huge bush of what I thought was Cécile Brunner and I can remember being somewhat surprised to be told a few years later by a rosarian friend that it should be called Bloomfield Abundance. I would be grateful if members could tell me when they first heard that Bloomfield Abundance was the name for this shrub rose.

3 Cécile Brunner has a number of acknowledged sports including a very vigorous climber; Spray Cécile Brunner, which seems to be very like what we have been calling Bloomfield Abundance; white forms of the bush and the climber, and the peach-coloured Mme Jules Thibaud. However, Deane Ross felt that the latter was more likely to be a sport of Perle d’Or than Cécile Brunner (HRA Journal, Vol 15, No 2, pp 24-25).

I suspect that the original low-growing Cécile Brunner may have been a chimera, ie a plant which contains two or more genetically different body tissues. Without going into technicalities here, it is possible for hidden mutations in chimeras to emerge during propagation. In this instance the mutations may have involved increased vigour and modification of sepal shape.

Consequently, I would be very interested to hear from any nurserymen and rose growers who have struck cuttings or made bud grafts of Cécile Brunner which have produced unexpected results, including the so-called Bloomfield Abundance form. There are unconfirmed reports in the literature suggesting this changeover occurs, but they are usually written off as growers using the wrong rose in the first place.

There are no reports of the vigorous Bloomfield Abundance producing Cécile Brunner during propagation [there are now HM, 2003], though Nancy Steen once observed the equally vigorous Climbing Cécile Brunner putting out low-growing branches at the base of the plant ( The Charm of Old Roses.l987.p72).

If you have any information which you think may help unravel the fascinating Cécile Brunner / so-called Bloomfield Abundance mystery please contact me at xxxxxx . All information received will be acknowledged in the article.

Journal of Heritage Roses in Australia Vol.19 No.1, Autumn 1997

Book  (1997)  Page(s) 31.  
One of the earliest sweetheart roses... introduced in the 1890s.
Book  (1995)  Page(s) 56.  Includes photo(s).
Book  (Nov 1994)  Page(s) 150.  
A pink Tea, 'Mme. de Tartas', was used on a Poly-pom, and 'Mlle. Cécile Brunner' was named in 1881... the first Tea-Poly-pom
Book  (Nov 1994)  Page(s) 150.  
Mlle. Cécile Brunner Poly-pom. Ducher (France) 1881. ('Mignon', 'Cécile Brunner', 'The Sweetheart Rose') Description. A seedling Poly-pom x 'Mme. de Tartas'... The blooms are of beautiful Hybrid Tea shape, but less than two inches across when fully expanded, clear, pale silvery pink, warmer in the centre...
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