'Cluster Rose' References
Rosa pisocarpa A. Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts. 8: 382. 1872.
Rosa pisocarpa A. Gray subsp. pisocarpa
Cluster or pea rose
Rosa rivalis Eastwood
Check the New York Botanical Garden website for four outstanding large, pressed specimen of Rosa pisocarpa Gray.
Article (website) (2007) Includes photo(s).
Rosa pisocarpa A. Gray Cluster Rose
Subgenus Rosa, Section Cinnamomeae: A Thicket-Forming Rose
Lank shrub to thicket, 5-25 dm tall [20 inches to 8 feet]. Stem generally black; prickles few, generally paired at nodes, sometimes nearly lacking...; leaflets 2 - 3 per side, sparsely hairy to glabrous, leaf margins single toothed, generally glandless; inflorescence 2 - 10; blooming June to August. Generally moist or shady areas at forest edge; 30 - 2100 meter elevation.
North Coast Range and Klamath/Siskiyou Ranges of Northern California north on the west side of the Cascades to British Columbia.
Website/Catalog (Jul 1998) Page(s) 1.
R. pisocarpa Species. ('The Clustered-Flowered Rose') Native to Menodcino County and many other parts of California, this rose produces clusters of small, single deep rose-pink blooms on upright suckering growth to 4-5'. In autumn the clusters of orange-red hips are quite showy.
Book (1996) Page(s) 189.
Rosa pisocarpa Gray
Shrub 1-2 M tall, the stems armed with straight, slender infrastipular prickles, or sometimes unarmed. Leaflets 5-7, oblong to ovate, simply serrate, hairy beneat, without marginal glands. Petioles shot, hairy; stipules slightly glandular-toothed, hairy. Flowers 20-30 mm across, usually in terminal cluster. Fruit small, subglobose, dark red with short neck, 7-9 mm wide. Illustration. Can be distinguished from coastal R. nutkana var. nutkana, with which it may grow, by its simply serrate leaf margins. Those of R. nutkana in British Columbia nearly always display biserrate margins.
Range: Southern British Columbia to California west of the Coast and Cascade Ranges, in swamps and moist thickets.
Book (Apr 1993) Page(s) 511.
R. pisocarpa Species, pink, description.
Book (1981) Page(s) 275.
R. pisocarpa A. Gray. Shrub to 2 m./6.6 ft. high, branches slender, arching, sparsely prickly, more bristly at the base, prickles very small; leaflets 5-7, elliptic-oblong, 1-4 cm./0.4-1.6 in. long, coarsely serrate, puberulent beneath; flowers in corymbs with foliaceous stipules, purplish pink, to 3 cm./1.2 in. across, June-August; sepals glandular-hispid benetah; fruits globose, sometimes with short neck, orange, 8 mm./0.3 in. thick. 2n = 14, 21. WR 73. AFP 2510; HPN 3:172; GSR 36. W. N. America. 1882.
(1977) Page(s) Vol. 8, no. 2, p. 15.
HYBRIDISING WITH SPECIES
By Franc Holliger
Of R. pisocarpa, I can quote from the book "The Complete Rosarian" by Norman Young, in which he says of a cross between R. pisocarpa (which is a graceful, upright shrub seven or eight feet high) and a dwarf polyantha, that it showed such moderate growth that he nearly threw it away; by the end of the first year it was still no more than two inches high, a matchstick with four leaves. But in the following year it went off with a bang, putting out four or five separate canes which reached a length of eighteen inches or two feet. Eventually it developed into a large bush, three feet high and nearly six across. He says that R. pisocarpa repeats sparingly but quite reliably. In my region it is a "ditch-dweller" and most attractive with a background of white fencing, this being "equestrian" country. (Diploid)
Book (1944) Page(s) 462. Includes photo(s).
Rosa pisocarpa A. Gray. Mortar or Cluster Rose. Fig. 2510.
Rosa pisocarpa A. Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. 8: 382. 1872.
Rosa Copelandii Greene, Leaflets Bot. Obs. 2: 264. 1912.
Rosa Pringlei Rydb. Bull. Torrey Club 44: 79. 1917.
Rosa Eastwoodiae Rydb. N. Amer. Fl. 22: 527. 1918.
Stems slender, 1-2 m. high, armed with weak infrastipular prickles, the floral branches sometimes unarmed. Stipules densely short pubescent, slightly glandular-dentate; leaflets usually glabrous; hypanthium smooth, globose, about 8 mm. broad in fruit; sepals caudate-attenuate, often foliaceous, glandular-shipi on the back. In moist placed, Transition Zone; British Columbia to Idaho and Northern California. Type locality: Oregon. May.- Aug. In the northern Sierra Nevada and the Sisiyou Mountains are a series of forms that seem to show hybridization or intergradation between the southern R. californica, the northwestern R. pisocarpa and the interior or Great Basis R. ultramontana.
Book (1944) Page(s) 463. Includes photo(s).
Rosa rivalis Eastw. Brook Rose. Fig. 2514.
Rosa rivalis Eastw. Bull. Torrey Club 32: 198. 1905.
Stems about 1 m. high, glabrous, armed with scattering slender straight prickles. Stipules glabrous ; rachis and petioles glabrous or slightly pubescent ; leaflets 5-7, broadly oval, 2-5 cm. long, coarsely toothed, thin, glabrous or sparsely pubescent on the veins beneath; flowers corymbose; hypanthium globose; sepals 1.5-2 cm. long, usually with dilated tips, sparingly glandular on the back; petals about 2 cm. long.
Transition Zone; southern Oregon to central California. Type locality: Laytonville, Mendocino County, California. June-July.