'Liberty' rose References
Book (Apr 1993) Page(s) 312.
Liberty Hybrid Tea, brilliant velvety crimson, 1900, 'Mrs. W.J. Grant' x 'Charles J. Grahame'; Dickson, A. Description.
Book (Jun 1992) Page(s) 267.
Liberty Hyrid Tea. A. Dickson, 1900. Parentage: 'Mrs. W.J. Grant' x 'Charles J. Graham'. [Author cites information from different sources.]
Book (1978) Page(s) 75.
Liberty The best red Hybrid Tea to date, by quite a long way, arrived in 1900. It was raised by Alexander Dickson from 'Mrs W. J. Grant' x 'Charles J. Grahame'. The pollen parent, 'Charles J. Grahame' (for these parentages should always be expressed 'Seed Parent' x 'Pollen Parent') was a vigorous red rose, which Dickson's apparently kept for breeding for some time, because it was not introduced until 1905.....
Book (1949) Page(s) 146.
Dr. James Alexander Gamble. The Rose Named Liberty’.
The rose ‘Liberty’ was produced by Alexander Dickson & Sons of Newtownards, near Belfast, Ireland in 1900…..Concerning the parentage of ‘Liberty’, Alexander Dickson, Jr., now director of Alexander Dickson & sons Ltd., wrote under date of July 15, 1948:
“Liberty was raised by the writer’s father, Alexander Dickson, V.M.H., who is now in his 91st year and is still able to take an interest in the affairs of our business. This rose was a cross between ‘Mrs. W. J. Grant’ and another Dickson seedling called ‘Charles J. Grahame’. As you know, ‘Liberty’ was a new break at that time and, with its seed parent, formed the basis of our earlier breeding. It is not our policy to divulge the parentage of our new varieties, and we think it is the first time we have disclosed the breeding of this variety.”
The breeding promise of ’Liberty’ was recognised at once by the late E. G. Hill of Richmond, Indiana. He bought the American rights soon after it was produced…..’Liberty’ is a brilliant, velvety crimson. The Hills called their first bright scarlet improvement over ‘Liberty’, ‘Richmond’, to mark the place of its production. The Montgomerys of Hadley, Massaschusetts, when they produced an even better, richer crimson ‘Richmond’, called it ‘Hadley’. Dorner, to bring the glory of this rose line back to Indiana, called his glowing crimson rose ‘Hoosier Beauty’. A few years later, the Verschurens of Holland, in order to have national credit for the deep bright red rose they produced from ‘Hadley’, called theirs ‘Etoile de Hollande’…..
‘Richmond’ was by ‘Lady Battersea’, a daughter of ‘Liberty’ and ‘Liberty’ herself; ‘Hadley’ had as seed parents both ‘Liberty’ and ‘Richmond’, and ‘General MacArthur’ as her pollen parent;’ ‘Hoosier Beauty’ was by ‘Richmond’ and ‘Chateau de Clos Vougeot’ an outcross; and ‘Etoile de Hollande’ was by ‘General MacArthur’ and ‘Hadley’…..
Alexander Dickson Jr., has for the first time divulged to us that a seedling named ‘Charles J. Grahame’, not ‘General Jacqueminot’ as has hitherto been assumed, was the pollen parent of Liberty. The Dicksons have yet to tell us the parentage of ‘Charles J. Grahame’. Undoubtedly, being a first-class rose breeding establishment, they would be expected to have at hand in 1900 the clear red hybrid perpetual ‘General Jacqueminot’ as well as other red varieties. In any case ‘Liberty’ has demonstrated the right to be called the mother of red roses. The why of her prepotency for red colors, is still hidden with the Alexander Dicksons of Newtownards, Ireland.
Book (1937) Page(s) 73.
Liberty HT (A. Dickson 1900) [pollen quality] 72%
Website/Catalog (1936) Page(s) 10.
Alex. Dickson & Sons 1900
Book (1936) Page(s) 419.
Liberty (HT) A. Dickson 1900; M. W. J. Grant X Jacqueminot; glossy velvety crimson, medium size, double, fine form, lasting, solitary or up to 4, fragrance 6/10, floriferous, repeats well, long stems, growth 6/10, uright. Sangerhausen
Book (1934) Page(s) 42.
H. R. Darlington. Form In The Rose. 1900 I may refer to for Liberty (Mrs. W. J. Grant x General Jacqueminot) of medium size, deep crimson and fragrant, of fine form and free in flowering. Until the coming of ‘Richmond’ it was useful for pot work.
Book (1931) Page(s) Vol. II, p. 688.
The British Pharmacopoeia directs that Red Rose petals are to be obtained only from R. gallica, of which, however, there are many variations, in fact there are practically no pure R. gallica now to be had, only hybrids, so that the exact requirements of the British Pharmacopoeia are difficult to follow. Those used in medicine and generally appearing in commerce are actually any scented roses of a deep red colour, or when dried of a deep rose tint. The main point is that the petals suitable for medicinal purposes must yield a deep rose-coloured and somewhat astringent and fragrant infusion when boiling water is poured upon them. The most suitable are the so-called Hybrid Perpetuals, flowering from June to October, among which may be specially recommended the varieties: Eugène Furst, deep dark red, sweet-scented. General Jacqueminot, a fine, rich crimson, scented rose. Hugh Dickson, rather a large petalled one, but of a fine, deep red colour and sweetscented. Ulrich Brunner, bright-red. Richmond, deep crimson-red. Liberty, scarlet-red.
p37-1 H. R. Darlington. Roses and Their Parentage. ….It is therefore, unexpected to find that from the mating of ‘Caroline Testout’ with Liberty, which is certainly a deep enough crimson, we should get the bicolour ‘Mrs. E. G. Hill, which is a bright pink on the outside of the petal, and rosy white on the reverse. ‘Liberty’ itself, however, came from ‘Mrs. W. J. Grant’ x ‘General Jacqueminot’....
p67-4 Mrs. H. R. Darlington. The Lasting Quality of Cut Roses. ….while ‘Richmond’ has quite superseded Liberty as the best crimson Rose for this purpose.
p194-2 Frank Cant. Roses v. The Winter of 1925-26. ….and Liberty, obviously far from happy.