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'Maria Leonida' rose References
Article (misc)  (1954)  Page(s) 53.  
 
Marie Leonida 14 chromosomes.
Website/Catalog  (1948)  Page(s) 17.  
 
Marie Leonida. Bracteata Hybrid, early 19th Century. Nature has given this tall, bushy plant, the handsomest, most luxuriant foliage of any rose we know. Try hard as she does all season, however, Leonida seems unable, in this climate, to open its full white buds to anything near perfection. We hope some of our friends in the warm, inland valleys will give her a place in the sun, as surely that wonderful foliage deserves a chance to prove itself....
Book  (1937)  Page(s) 74.  
 
Maria Leonida (bracteata x laevigata)
Book  (1936)  Page(s) 455.  
 
Maria Leonida (bracteata) Lemoyne 1829; R. bract. wendl. (R. Macartney) X R. mosch. X R. indica odorata (chance seedling); yellowish white, center whitish pink, medium size, double, continuous bloom until winter. Originated in the Botanical Garden of Nantes.
Article (misc)  (1935)  Page(s) 103.  
 
Maria Leonida is an ancestor, or at least some relation, of 'Mermaid'; it is a tender rose, but stands one of our [Texan] normal winters without freezing back at all. The fragrance is often greater than that of 'Mermaid', and it has the most beautiful foliage imaginable, with semi-double blooms scattered throughout the season. I would advise a fifty-foot space for this rose, as it grows out of all reason...
Book  (1912)  Page(s) 246.  
 
Maria Leonida Evergreen foliage. Large, double, creamy white roses. Iron-clad south of Washington City. Blooms without cessation from spring to late autumn. Very strong growth. Climbs and spread rapidly. The branches are heavy and thickly beset with sharp prickles. As very fine rose for hedges, pergolas, windbreaks; for covering bold promontories is conspicuous and handsome. Exceedingly long-lived. Climbing habit.
Magazine  (15 Jul 1911)  Page(s) 338.  
 
The Parentage of Roses.
The following list of the world's Roses and their parentage has been compiled by Mr. Robert Daniel, 38 Russell Road. Fishponds, Bristol, and by his kind permission we are enabled to publish it...
Marie Leonida... Hybrid Species, Lemoine, 1829, R. bracteata X R. moschata X R. indica
Book  (1904)  Page(s) 98.  
 
Rosa (bracteata x moschata ?) (Maria Leonida).
Magazine  (1903)  Page(s) 21-23.  
 
In 1826, M. Lemoyne, one of the founders of la Société Nantaise d'Horticulture, sowed seeds he had collected from Thé-bengale ordinaire, which was near, among others, R. Bracteata, within a distance of about four feet. From these seedlings came the subject rose [Marie Leonidas] that bloomed for the first time in 1829.

Monsieur Lemoyne, l'un des fondateurs de la Société Nantaise d'Horticulture sema en 1826 des graines qu'il avait recuillies sur un rosier Thé-bengale ordinaire, que avoisinait, entr'autres, un R. Bracteata, à la distamce d'environs quatre pieds. De ce semis sortit un sujet qui fleurit pour la première fois on 1829.
Magazine  (1901)  Page(s) 411-412.  
 
"Le Rosier Bractéolé" by Viviand-Morel:
Les variétés horticole de ce Rosier à bractées sont au nombre de deux, savoir: variétés alba odorata et Maria Leonida. Alba odorata est indiqué dans les catalogues comme ayant été mise au commerce par Levet, en 1874. Maria Leonida est signalée come une variété hybride de Rosa moschta. Elle n'était pas connue de de Pronville, en 1823. Le Bon Jardinier de 1834 en fait mention, mais il n'en indique pas l'obtenteur. Il y aurait des recherches bibliographiques à faire entre ces deux dates, pour trouver l'histoire de cette rose; je dois avouer que tous les livres que j'ai consultés ne contiennent rien qui puisse nous instruire sur elle. Quoi qu'iol en soit, la Rose Maria Leonida passe pour un hybride du Rosier à bractées à fleurs simple et du Rosier musqué - je suppose d'une sort à fleurs doubles.
[Trans.: The horticultural varieties of Rosa bracteata are two, namely: varieties alba odorata and Maria Leonida. Alba odorata is indicated in the catalogues like having been put at the trade by Levet, in 1874. Maria Leonida is announced to be a hybrid of Rosa moschta. It was not known to de Pronville, in 1823. Le Bon Jardinier of 1834 mentions it, but does not indicate its raiser. Library research between these two dates should find the history of this rose; I must acknowledge that all the books that I consulted do not contain anything which can inform us on it. Whatever it is, the Rose Maria Leonida passes for a hybrid of Rosa bracteata and Rosa moschata - I suppose of a kind with double flowers.
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